Premier League Profit and Sustainability Rules (PSR) explained in 2023-2024 and punishment

Premier League Profit and Sustainability Rules (PSR) explained in 2023-2024 and punishment

As the Premier League (PL) charges two of its clubs of breaching its Profit and Sustainability Rules (PSR), find out more about the rule and what it entails below explained

Back in November 2023, the PL shocked the football world by imposing a 10-point deduction on Everton for breaching PSR.

Premier League Profit and Sustainability Rules (PSR) explained in 2023-2024 and punishment details

Clubs that breach PSR face an independent commission that could impose fines or points deductions, depending on the case.

Premier League Profit and Sustainability Rules (PSR) explained

The Premier League’s Profit and Sustainability Rules (PSR) is a rule that dictates the amount of money that Premier League clubs are allowed to lose over a specific duration. It determines how much a team can spend on certain things, like transfers, making sure that each club balances its income and expenditure. Despite the similarities to UEFA’s Financial Fair Play regulations, they are not the same.


Basically, the Profit and Sustainability Rules (PSR) allow PL clubs to lose £105 million ($134 million) over three seasons. This roughly amounts to about £35 million per season. This, however, depends on the fact that clubs need to recover £90 million by securing funding from owners. However, these calculations do not include amounts spent on categories like youth development and infrastructure projects. Notably, if clubs without secure funding exceed the £15 million parameter, the league will limit their budgets and restrict transfers. The league does this to bring their finances back in check. Meanwhile, the bigger £105 million figure is set for more serious situations where clubs that go beyond that will end up being referred to an independent commission. They will then face severe punishments deemed fit, like what Everton suffered last year.

While Everton accepted having exceeded the Profit and Sustainability Rules threshold, the Toffees cited various valid reasons. The club cited the cost of loan interests taken out for developing their new Bramley-Moore Dock stadium, COVID-19 costs, as well as the sponsorship revenue lost when oligarch Alisher Usmanov got sanctioned following Russia’s 2022 invasion of Ukraine. Alisher was an ally of the club’s then-owner, Farhad Moshiri. While Everton proposed strong arguments, they failed to make them stick sufficiently. As a result, the independent commission concluded Everon’s losses for the three-year period up until 2021/22 were £124.5 million. Everton have currently lodged a formal appeal to revoke their 10-point deduction.

Clubs charged with breaching Profit and Sustainability Rules (PSR)

Back on January 15, 2024, the league announced in a statement that:


Everton FC and Nottingham Forest FC have each confirmed to the Premier League that they are in breach of the League’s Profitability and Sustainability Rules (PSR). This is as a result of sustaining losses above the permitted thresholds for the assessment period ending Season 2022/23.”

Both teams will now face an independent commission to decide their fate and the form of punishment they will face. Notably, Forest has a permitted loss amount of just £61 million since they returned to the Premier League just last season. As such, the amount comes from £35 million for one top-flight campaign and £13 million each for the two seasons in the Championship.

Forest has been on a spending spree under owner Evangelos Marinakis ever since their promotion. The team spent around £250 million and acquired a staggering 30 players in their first season back alone. According to reports, Forest will state their £47.5 million sale of Wales winger Brennan Johnson to Tottenham after the accounting cut-off as the main factor for their breach. However, the independent commission will still have to set deadlines for accounts and transfers, and the scale of Forest’s spending could go against them.

Meanwhile, Everton was always vulnerable to breaching the league’s profit and sustainability rules. Moreover, the final season of the period under review is 2022–23. As such, this means that the Toffees will have to fight two sanctions in the same season. The club has stated this to express how the situation represents “a clear deficiency in the Premier League’s rules.” Everton protested that they are defending a second complaint that relates to a duration for which they are already appealing for a given punishment.


Other clubs in trouble

Aside from the two clubs mentioned above, two other clubs that are currently under investigation for breaching Profit and Sustainability Rules are Manchester City and Chelsea. The PL has been closely following the two giants and their finances over recent months to verify all suspicions.

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